St. Hilarion Castle

St. Hilarion Castle seems to grow out of the rock of the Kyrenian Mountains in northern Cyprus. A monastery and a church was first built here in the 10th century. What you see today is mostly the castle built to defend the coast from Arab pirates, as improvided by the Lusignan rulers of Cyprus. The prominent tower in the middle of the photo is Prince John’s Tower, named after a Lusignan ruler who fought a four year war against the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II for control of Cyprus. In the end, Prince John lost and Cyprus was annexed by the Kingdom of Venice.

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